Animal lovers of all ages have always been very fond of pet birds. The canary, which populates bird cages all across the world and brings joy to many people, is one of the most beloved pet birds.
Native to the Canary Islands and the Azores, the Serinus canaria is a small-sized songbird belonging to the Fringillidae family. Its plumage colouring and the fact that it is so easy to care for, together with the wonderful song “performed” by the male, have made this small pet famous all over the world.
The canary should only be purchased from specialized pet stores or certified breeders and future owners should investigate a little before buying: a light palpation of the chest area to see if the bird is not to thin, an examination of the plumage that has to be soft and shiny, observing respiratory movements in order to identify possible respiratory conditions.
Choosing an appropriate cage for the canary is not too difficult. You should however make sure that it is spacious enough, so that the bird can move around easily. A 160-170 cm2 space would be ideal, and bar spacing should not be over 0.5 cm, in order to prevent possible accidents. The cage should feature two perches placed at a certain distance from one another, a mirror if the bird is alone, some toys so that the bird doesn’t get bored, a feeder and a waterer.
The cage should be placed in a room where sunlight is available but does not hit the canary directly, in an area that is not directly affected by air movement generated by different household appliances. The cage should be cleaned whenever necessary. In order to save time, you can use newspapers or papers to pave the cage.
The Serinus canaria loves human company, but it is not very fond of direct contact with the human hand. If you want to listen to the male canary’s wonderful song, you should keep him alone in the cage.
For hygienic purposes, you should place a birdbath in the cage for the bird to bathe in. In order to preserve a beautiful plumage, this ritual should be performed twice a week. With a special nail clipper you can trim the bird’s nails to a proper length. The canary needs fresh water constantly as contaminated water could be fatal.
The small seeds available in specialized pet shops will ensure a balanced diet for your canary. However, a varied diet that includes spinach, green dandelion, grape or apple slices, peas, corn or small boiled egg pieces will ensure a harmonious development and less health issues.
The diseases that affect the canary include: Avian trichomoniasis, parrot fever, smallpox, liver disease, mites, atoxoplasmosis. A clean living environment and a balanced diet can help prevent these. If however such health issues arise, the veterinarian is the one who can recommend an appropriate treatment.